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TED2013

Phil Hansen: Embrace the shake

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In art school, Phil Hansen developed an unruly tremor in his hand that kept him from creating the pointillist drawings he loved. Hansen was devastated, floating without a sense of purpose. Until a neurologist made a simple suggestion: embrace this limitation ... and transcend it.

- Multimedia artist
Taking a cue from his own artistic journey, Phil Hansen challenges us to spark our creativity by thinking inside the box. Full bio

So, when I was in art school,
00:12
I developed a shake in my hand,
00:14
and this was the straightest line I could draw.
00:16
Now in hindsight, it was actually good for some things,
00:19
like mixing a can of paint or shaking a Polaroid,
00:21
but at the time this was really doomsday.
00:24
This was the destruction of my dream of becoming an artist.
00:27
The shake developed out of, really,
00:31
a single-minded pursuit of pointillism,
00:33
just years of making tiny, tiny dots.
00:35
And eventually these dots went from being perfectly round
00:38
to looking more like tadpoles, because of the shake.
00:41
So to compensate, I'd hold the pen tighter,
00:45
and this progressively made the shake worse,
00:47
so I'd hold the pen tighter still.
00:50
And this became a vicious cycle that ended up
00:52
causing so much pain and joint issues,
00:54
I had trouble holding anything.
00:56
And after spending all my life wanting to do art,
00:59
I left art school, and then I left art completely.
01:02
But after a few years, I just couldn't stay away from art,
01:07
and I decided to go to a neurologist about the shake
01:09
and discovered I had permanent nerve damage.
01:11
And he actually took one look at my squiggly line,
01:14
and said, "Well, why don't you just embrace the shake?"
01:17
So I did. I went home, I grabbed a pencil,
01:20
and I just started letting my hand shake and shake.
01:23
I was making all these scribble pictures.
01:25
And even though it wasn't the kind of art
01:27
that I was ultimately passionate about, it felt great.
01:29
And more importantly, once I embraced the shake,
01:33
I realized I could still make art.
01:35
I just had to find a different approach
01:37
to making the art that I wanted.
01:39
Now, I still enjoyed the fragmentation of pointillism,
01:41
seeing these little tiny dots come together
01:44
to make this unified whole.
01:46
So I began experimenting with other ways to fragment images
01:48
where the shake wouldn't affect the work,
01:51
like dipping my feet in paint and walking on a canvas,
01:53
or, in a 3D structure consisting of two-by-fours,
01:57
creating a 2D image by burning it with a blowtorch.
02:01
I discovered that, if I worked on a larger scale and with bigger materials,
02:06
my hand really wouldn't hurt,
02:10
and after having gone from a single approach to art,
02:12
I ended up having an approach to creativity
02:16
that completely changed my artistic horizons.
02:18
This was the first time I'd encountered this idea
02:22
that embracing a limitation could actually drive creativity.
02:24
At the time, I was finishing up school,
02:29
and I was so excited to get a real job and finally afford new art supplies.
02:32
I had this horrible little set of tools, and I felt like
02:35
I could do so much more with the supplies
02:39
I thought an artist was supposed to have.
02:41
I actually didn't even have a regular pair of scissors.
02:44
I was using these metal shears until I stole a pair
02:46
from the office that I worked at.
02:48
So I got out of school, I got a job, I got a paycheck,
02:51
I got myself to the art store,
02:53
and I just went nuts buying supplies.
02:55
And then when I got home, I sat down
02:58
and I set myself to task to really try to create something
03:00
just completely outside of the box.
03:03
But I sat there for hours, and nothing came to mind.
03:06
The same thing the next day, and then the next,
03:10
quickly slipping into a creative slump.
03:13
And I was in a dark place for a long time, unable to create.
03:16
And it didn't make any sense, because I was finally able
03:21
to support my art, and yet I was creatively blank.
03:23
But as I searched around in the darkness,
03:28
I realized I was actually paralyzed by all of the choices
03:30
that I never had before.
03:33
And it was then that I thought back to my jittery hands.
03:36
Embrace the shake.
03:40
And I realized, if I ever wanted my creativity back,
03:42
I had to quit trying so hard to think outside of the box
03:45
and get back into it.
03:49
I wondered, could you become more creative, then,
03:51
by looking for limitations?
03:54
What if I could only create with a dollar's worth of supplies?
03:56
At this point, I was spending a lot of my evenings in --
04:02
well, I guess I still spend a lot of my evenings in Starbucks —
04:04
but I know you can ask for an extra cup if you want one,
04:07
so I decided to ask for 50.
04:10
Surprisingly, they just handed them right over,
04:12
and then with some pencils I already had,
04:14
I made this project for only 80 cents.
04:16
It really became a moment of clarification for me
04:19
that we need to first be limited
04:22
in order to become limitless.
04:25
I took this approach of thinking inside the box
04:28
to my canvas, and wondered what if, instead of
04:30
painting on a canvas, I could only paint on my chest?
04:32
So I painted 30 images, one layer at a time,
04:35
one on top of another,
04:38
with each picture representing an influence in my life.
04:39
Or what if, instead of painting with a brush,
04:43
I could only paint with karate chops? (Laughter)
04:46
So I'd dip my hands in paint,
04:49
and I just attacked the canvas,
04:50
and I actually hit so hard that I bruised a joint in my pinkie
04:52
and it was stuck straight for a couple of weeks.
04:54
(Laughter) (Applause)
04:57
Or, what if instead of relying on myself,
05:01
I had to rely on other people
05:05
to create the content for the art?
05:07
So for six days, I lived in front of a webcam.
05:09
I slept on the floor and I ate takeout,
05:12
and I asked people to call me and share a story with me
05:15
about a life-changing moment.
05:17
Their stories became the art
05:20
as I wrote them onto the revolving canvas.
05:22
(Applause)
05:26
Or what if instead of making art to display,
05:30
I had to destroy it?
05:35
This seemed like the ultimate limitation,
05:37
being an artist without art.
05:39
This destruction idea turned into a yearlong project
05:42
that I called Goodbye Art,
05:44
where each and every piece of art had to be destroyed after its creation.
05:46
In the beginning of Goodbye Art, I focused on
05:50
forced destruction, like this image of Jimi Hendrix,
05:52
made with over 7,000 matches.
05:55
(Laughter)
05:57
Then I opened it up to creating art that was destroyed naturally.
05:58
I looked for temporary materials,
06:02
like spitting out food --
06:04
(Laughter) —
06:06
sidewalk chalk
06:11
and even frozen wine.
06:14
The last iteration of destruction
06:18
was to try to produce something that didn't actually exist in the first place.
06:20
So I organized candles on a table, I lit them, and then blew them out,
06:24
then repeated this process over and over with the same set of candles,
06:28
then assembled the videos into the larger image.
06:31
So the end image was never visible as a physical whole.
06:35
It was destroyed before it ever existed.
06:40
In the course of this Goodbye Art series,
06:44
I created 23 different pieces
06:46
with nothing left to physically display.
06:49
What I thought would be the ultimate limitation
06:52
actually turned out to be the ultimate liberation,
06:55
as each time I created,
06:58
the destruction brought me back to a neutral place
07:00
where I felt refreshed and ready to start the next project.
07:02
It did not happen overnight.
07:06
There were times when my projects failed to get off the ground,
07:08
or, even worse, after spending tons of time on them
07:11
the end image was kind of embarrassing.
07:13
But having committed to the process, I continued on,
07:16
and something really surprising came out of this.
07:19
As I destroyed each project,
07:21
I was learning to let go,
07:24
let go of outcomes, let go of failures,
07:26
and let go of imperfections.
07:30
And in return, I found a process of creating art
07:32
that's perpetual and unencumbered by results.
07:35
I found myself in a state of constant creation,
07:39
thinking only of what's next
07:41
and coming up with more ideas than ever.
07:44
When I think back to my three years away from art,
07:46
away from my dream, just going through the motions,
07:49
instead of trying to find a different way to continue that dream,
07:52
I just quit, I gave up.
07:56
And what if I didn't embrace the shake?
07:59
Because embracing the shake for me
08:03
wasn't just about art and having art skills.
08:04
It turned out to be about life, and having life skills.
08:07
Because ultimately, most of what we do
08:11
takes place here, inside the box, with limited resources.
08:14
Learning to be creative within the confines of our limitations
08:19
is the best hope we have to transform ourselves
08:23
and, collectively, transform our world.
08:27
Looking at limitations as a source of creativity
08:31
changed the course of my life.
08:35
Now, when I run into a barrier
08:38
or I find myself creatively stumped,
08:39
I sometimes still struggle,
08:43
but I continue to show up for the process
08:44
and try to remind myself of the possibilities,
08:46
like using hundreds of real, live worms to make an image,
08:50
using a pushpin to tattoo a banana,
08:54
or painting a picture with hamburger grease.
08:59
(Laughter)
09:05
One of my most recent endeavors
09:07
is to try to translate the habits of creativity that I've learned
09:08
into something others can replicate.
09:12
Limitations may be the most unlikely of places
09:15
to harness creativity, but perhaps
09:19
one of the best ways to get ourselves out of ruts,
09:22
rethink categories and challenge accepted norms.
09:26
And instead of telling each other to seize the day,
09:30
maybe we can remind ourselves every day
09:33
to seize the limitation.
09:37
Thank you.
09:40
(Applause)
09:41
Translated by Joseph Geni
Reviewed by Morton Bast

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About the Speaker:

Phil Hansen - Multimedia artist
Taking a cue from his own artistic journey, Phil Hansen challenges us to spark our creativity by thinking inside the box.

Why you should listen

As an art student, Phil Hansen’s intense style of pointillism led to a tremor in his hand and a diagnosis of nerve damage. Devastated, he dropped out and lost his way ... until a neurologist suggested he “embrace the shake.” That piece of advice tweaked Hansen’s point of view and sent him on a quest to invent different approaches to making art by embracing personal and universal limitations.

Hansen challenged himself to create art using unconventional materials (dandelion puffs, matches, live worms, hamburger grease) and canvases (a stack of Satrbucks cups, his torso, bananas). The resulting time-lapse videos of his creative processes are his meta-art, showing that art is action, not just results. Through an integrated view of what sparks creativity, Hansen has devoted himself to teaching others the approaches to creativity that have changed both his outlook and his artistic endeavors. You can read more in his 2012 book, Tattoo a Banana.

Hansen has just started a new project via Kickstarter, inviting people to share their stories of overcoming limitations with him. Anyone who calls him at 651-321-4996 and tells him their story will become a part of the work, the creation of which is watchable on a live feed

More profile about the speaker
Phil Hansen | Speaker | TED.com