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TED2011

Louie Schwartzberg: The hidden beauty of pollination

ルイ・シュワルツバーグ: 受粉の隠れた美しさ

March 2, 2011

受粉は地球上の生命には欠かせないものですが、人間の目に留まることはほとんどありません。主要な送粉者であるミツバチが失踪していることに突き動かされ、映像作家のルイ・シュワルツバーグは、映画「Wings of Life」を製作しました。シュワルツバーグが、その映画で使われているハイスピードカメラで撮影した美しい映像と共に、花粉や送粉者の入り組んだ世界を紹介します。

Louie Schwartzberg - Filmmaker
Louie Schwartzberg is a cinematographer, director and producer who captures breathtaking images that celebrate life -- revealing connections, universal rhythms, patterns and beauty. Full bio

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Double-click the English subtitles below to play the video.
It's great being here at TED.
TEDに参加できて光栄です
00:15
You know, I think there might be some presentations
私にはさっぱりわからない講演も
00:18
that will go over my head,
あるかもしれませんが
00:20
but the most amazing concepts
もっとも素晴らしいことは
00:22
are the ones that go right under my feet.
実はありふれたところにあると思います
00:24
The little things in life,
暮らしの中で
00:27
sometimes that we forget about,
気にも留めない些細なこと
00:29
like pollination, that we take for granted.
例えば受粉は当たり前のように考えがちです
00:31
And you can't tell the story about pollinators --
ハチ コウモリ ハチドリ 蝶々といった
00:34
bees, bats, hummingbirds, butterflies --
送粉者について語るとき
00:37
without telling the story about the invention of flowers
花が生まれた経緯や 過去5千万年の間に
00:40
and how they co-evolved
共進化してきたことを
00:43
over 50 million years.
切り離すことはできません
00:45
I've been filming time-lapse flowers
私は過去35年に渡って
00:47
24 hours a day, seven days a week,
日夜休むことなく 花の低速度撮影を
00:49
for over 35 years.
続けて来ました
00:52
To watch them move
花の動きは ダンスのようで
00:54
is a dance I'm never going to get tired of.
見ていて飽きることがありません
00:56
It fills me with wonder, and it opens my heart.
驚きの気持ちでいっぱいになり 心が広がります
00:58
Beauty and seduction, I believe,
美と魅力は 自然界が使う
01:02
is nature's tool for survival,
生き残りをかけたツールだと思います
01:04
because we will protect what we fall in love with.
誰でも自分が愛するものを守ろうとするからです
01:07
Their relationship
花粉と媒介者の関係は
01:10
is a love story that feeds the Earth.
地球を養うラブストーリーです
01:12
It reminds us that we are a part of nature,
人間も自然界の一部であって
01:15
and we're not separate from it.
無関係ではありません
01:18
When I heard about the vanishing bees, Colony Collapse Disorder,
ミツバチが失踪する蜂群崩壊症候群を耳にしたとき
01:20
it motivated me to take action.
私は駆り立てられました
01:24
We depend on pollinators
人間が食べる野菜や
01:26
for over a third of the fruits and vegetables we eat.
果物の3分の1以上は 媒介者のおかげで作られています
01:28
And many scientists believe
多くの科学者たちは
01:32
it's the most serious issue facing mankind.
人類が直面している最も重大な問題であると言っています
01:34
It's like the canary in the coalmine.
炭鉱のカナリアのようなもので
01:37
If they disappear, so do we.
送粉者がいなくなれば 人類もいなくなるでしょう
01:39
It reminds us that we are a part of nature
人間も自然界の一部なのですから
01:42
and we need to take care of it.
自然を保護する必要があるのです
01:44
What motivated me to film their behavior
送粉者を撮影しようと思ったのは
01:48
was something that I asked my scientific advisers:
専門家への質問がきっかけでした
01:51
"What motivates the pollinators?"
“送粉者の行動の誘因とは?”
01:54
Well, their answer was,
彼らから得た答えは
01:57
"It's all about risk and reward."
“リスクと報酬ということでしょう”
01:59
Like a wide-eyed kid, I'd say, "Why is that?"
興味津々な子どものように “どうして?” と訊き返しました
02:02
And they'd say, "Well, because they want to survive."
“生き残るためです”
02:05
I go, "Why?"
“なぜ?”
02:07
"Well, in order to reproduce."
“子孫を残すために”
02:09
"Well, why?"
“でも どうして?”
02:11
And I thought that they'd probably say, "Well, it's all about sex."
“それが性のすべてです” とでも言われるかと思ったら
02:13
And Chip Taylor, our monarch butterfly expert,
帝王蝶の権威であるチップ・テイラーが
02:17
he replied, "Nothing lasts forever.
こう言いました “永遠に続くものはなく 宇宙にあるものは何にせよ
02:20
Everything in the universe wears out."
衰えていきますからね”
02:24
And that blew my mind.
これにはインパクトを受けました
02:26
Because I realized
生命を前進させる
02:28
that nature had invented reproduction
メカニズムとして
02:30
as a mechanism for life to move forward,
自然界が生殖を作り出したことに 気づいたからです
02:32
as a life force that passes right through us
命の力は すべての生き物の中を通りながら
02:35
and makes us a link in the evolution of life.
生命の進化を繋ぐリンクへと変えるのです
02:39
Rarely seen by the naked eye,
肉眼では めったに目にしませんが
02:43
this intersection
動物の世界と
02:45
between the animal world and the plant world
植物の世界が交わるのは
02:47
is truly a magic moment.
まさに すばらしい瞬間です
02:49
It's the mystical moment
この神秘的な瞬間に
02:51
where life regenerates itself,
繰り返し 繰り返し
02:53
over and over again.
生命が自ら命を吹き返しているのです
02:55
So here is some nectar from my film.
では 映画からの蜜を味わってください
02:58
I hope you'll drink, tweet
そしてツイートしたり
03:01
and plant some seeds
豊かな庭の受粉のために
03:03
to pollinate a friendly garden.
種をまきましょう
03:05
And always take time to smell the flowers,
また 花の香りを楽しむ余裕を忘れずに
03:07
and let it fill you with beauty,
自分を美で満たして
03:10
and rediscover that sense of wonder.
神秘を再発見してください
03:12
Here are some images from the film.
では 映画からの映像をご覧ください
03:15
(Music)
(音楽)
03:18
(Applause)
(拍手)
07:22
Thank you.
ありがとう
07:30
Thank you very much.
どうもありがとう
07:32
(Applause)
(拍手)
07:34
Thank you.
ありがとう
07:38
(Applause)
(拍手)
07:40
Translator:Takako Sato
Reviewer:Yasushi Aoki

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Louie Schwartzberg - Filmmaker
Louie Schwartzberg is a cinematographer, director and producer who captures breathtaking images that celebrate life -- revealing connections, universal rhythms, patterns and beauty.

Why you should listen

Louie Schwartzberg is a cinematographer, director and producer whose career spans more than four decades of providing breathtaking imagery using his time-lapse, high-speed and macro cinematography techniques. Schwartzberg tells stories that celebrate life and reveal the mysteries and wisdom of nature, people and places.

Schwartzberg's recent theatrical releases include the 3D IMAX film, Mysteries of the Unseen World with National Geographic, narrated by Forest Whitaker, and the documentary Wings of Life for Disneynature, narrated by Meryl Streep. Mysteries of the Unseen World is a journey into invisible worlds that are too slow, too fast, too small and too vast for the human eye to see, while Wings of Life focuses on pollination and the web of life. Schwartzberg also directed Soarin' Around the World, an international update to the original Soarin' ride now showing at Disney Parks in Anaheim, Orlando and Shanghai.

Designed to inspire, educate and evolve our perspective on the world, Schwartzberg creates and curates Moving Art videos, which can be found on your smart phone and Netflix. The Moving Art series will be expanded from six to thirteen videos in early 2017.

Schwartzberg's Gratitude Revealed series of shorts were launched on Oprah.com. Supported by the Templeton Foundation, with science and analytics by the Greater Good Center at UC Berkeley, the series explores the multifaceted virtues of gratitude. Schwartzberg is the first filmmaker to be inducted into the Association for the Advancement of Science and the Lemelson Foundation’s Invention Ambassadors Program.

For Schwartzberg, the greatest satisfaction is creating works that can have a positive effect on the future of the planet. "I hope my films inspire and open people's hearts," he says. "Beauty is nature's tool for survival -- we protect what we love. Nature's beauty can open hearts, and the shift in consciousness we need to sustain and celebrate life."

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