sponsored links
TED2014

Billy Collins: Two poems about what dogs think (probably)

ビリー・コリンズ: 犬の気持ち(だと思われるもの)についての2編の詩

March 20, 2014

犬は私たちを見て、どう思っているのでしょうか?詩人のビリー・コリンズは2匹のまったく異なる犬の気持ちを想像してみたと言います。少し休憩がてら想像の世界に遊ぶのにぴったりの、茶目っ気のある短いトークです。

Billy Collins - Poet
A two-term U.S. Poet Laureate, Billy Collins captures readers with his understated wit, profound insight -- and a sense of being "hospitable." Full bio

sponsored links
Double-click the English subtitles below to play the video.
I don't know if you've noticed,
お気付きでしょうか
00:13
but there's been a spate of books
最近出版された本に
00:14
that have come out lately
多く見られるのは
00:15
contemplating or speculating
犬の知覚や感情について
00:17
on the cognition and emotional life of dogs.
考察したり想像するものです
00:19
Do they think, do they feel and, if so, how?
犬は考え 感じるのか
そうだとしたら どのようにするのか
00:24
So this afternoon, in my limited time,
ですから今日は
限られた時間の中で
00:27
I wanted to take the guesswork out of a lot of that
大いに当てずっぽうに想像して
00:29
by introducing you to two dogs,
2匹の犬をご紹介したいと思います
00:31
both of whom have taken the command "speak"
2匹とも“話してごらん”という号令に
00:34
quite literally.
文字通り従ってくれました
00:39
The first dog is the first to go,
最初の犬はこちら
00:43
and he is contemplating an aspect
彼は主人との関係性の
00:45
of his relationship to his owner,
ある側面について考えを巡らせており
00:50
and the title is "A Dog on His Master."
タイトルは
『犬による主人についての考察』です
00:52
"As young as I look,
「僕の方が若く見えはするが
00:57
I am growing older faster than he.
主人よりも速く年を取りつつある
00:59
Seven to one is the ratio, they tend to say.
犬の1歳は人間の7歳に
あたるのだと人は言う
01:02
Whatever the number, I will pass him one day
数字はどうあれ
僕はいつか主人の歳を追い越し
01:06
and take the lead,
先導するのだ
01:09
the way I do on our walks in the woods,
林を散歩するときのように
01:11
and if this ever manages to cross his mind,
このことに主人が気付くときが訪れたら
01:14
it would be the sweetest shadow
雪や草原に映し出された
01:18
I have ever cast on snow or grass."
僕のどんな影よりも
甘やかなものになるだろう」
01:20
(Applause)
(拍手)
01:25
Thank you.
ありがとう
01:28
And our next dog
次の犬は
01:30
speaks in something called the revenant,
亡霊となって語りかけてきます
01:33
which means a spirit that comes back
犬の魂が再び主人に会いに
01:37
to visit you.
この世に戻ってきたのです
01:39
"I am the dog you put to sleep,
「俺はあんたに
安楽死させられた犬だ
01:43
as you like to call the needle of oblivion,
忘却の針とあんたが呼ぶところの物で
01:47
come back to tell you this simple thing:
簡単なことをひとつ教えに
戻ってきてやったよ
01:50
I never liked you."
あんたのことはずっと嫌いだった」
01:53
(Laughter)
(笑)
01:55
"When I licked your face,
「あんたの顔をなめるときは
01:57
I thought of biting off your nose.
いつも鼻をむしり取ってやろうと
思っていたし
01:59
When I watched you toweling yourself dry,
タオルであんたが体をふくのを見て
02:02
I wanted to leap and unman you with a snap.
飛びかかって がぶりと局部を
噛みちぎってやろうとも考えた
02:05
I resented the way you moved,
あんたの動き方も気に食わなかった
02:09
your lack of animal grace,
動物として品性を欠いているよ―
02:11
the way you would sit in a chair to eat,
椅子に座って 物を食べるときに
02:13
a napkin on your lap, a knife in your hand.
ひざにナプキンを乗せて
ナイフを手にするなんてさ
02:16
I would have run away
逃げようとも思ったけれど
02:20
but I was too weak,
弱すぎて それはできなかった
02:21
a trick you taught me
芸も覚えさせられたよな
02:23
while I was learning to sit and heel
お座りして 足元にぴたりと付いたり
02:25
and, greatest of insults,
一番傷ついたのは
02:28
shake hands without a hand.
手がないのに
「握手」をさせられたことさ
02:30
I admit the sight of the leash would excite me,
確かに散歩用のリードを
見せられると興奮したけど
02:34
but only because it meant I was about to smell things
それはあんたが
触れたことのないものの
02:38
you had never touched.
匂いをかぐことができるからさ
02:41
You do not want to believe this,
信じないだろうけど
02:45
but I have no reason to lie:
嘘をつく理由はないんだからな
02:47
I hated the car, hated the rubber toys,
車もゴムのおもちゃも大嫌いだったし
02:50
disliked your friends, and worse, your relatives.
あんたの友達も嫌いだった
親戚はもっと嫌だった
02:54
The jingling of my tags drove me mad.
首輪の金属のタグがちりちり鳴って
頭がおかしくなりそうだった
02:59
You always scratched me in the wrong place."
あんたはいつも
気持ち良くない場所を撫でてきた」
03:03
(Laughter)
(笑)
03:06
"All I ever wanted from you was food and water
「あんたから得たかったのは
03:08
in my bowls.
食べ物と水だけさ
03:11
While you slept, I watched you breathe
あんたが寝ると 月が空に昇っていく間
03:13
as the moon rose in the sky.
あんたが寝息をたてるのを見ていた
03:15
It took all of my strength
頭をのけぞらせて
03:17
not to raise my head and howl.
吠えるのを我慢するのは
それはそれは辛いんだ
03:19
Now, I am free of the collar,
もう首輪もない
03:22
free of the yellow raincoat,
黄色のレインコートもない
03:24
monogrammed sweater,
モノグラムのセーターも
03:27
the absurdity of your lawn,
あんたの庭の
ばかばかしい芝生もない
03:29
and that is all you need to know about this place,
俺が今いる場所について
あんたに言いたいのはそれだけさ
03:32
except what you already supposed
もうお分かりだろうし
03:34
and are glad it did not happen sooner,
今頃でよかったと思ってるだろうけど
03:38
that everyone here can read and write,
ここではみんな読み書きできるんだ
03:40
the dogs in poetry,
犬は詩を書き
03:43
the cats and all the others
猫や他の動物は
03:47
in prose."
散文を書くんだ」
03:50
Thank you.
ありがとう
03:52
(Applause)
(拍手)
03:54
Translator:Moe Shoji
Reviewer:Claire Ghyselen

sponsored links

Billy Collins - Poet
A two-term U.S. Poet Laureate, Billy Collins captures readers with his understated wit, profound insight -- and a sense of being "hospitable."

Why you should listen

Accessibility is not a word often associated with great poetry. Yet Billy Collins has managed to create a legacy from what he calls being poetically “hospitable.” Preferring lyrical simplicity to abstruse intellectualism, Collins combines humility and depth of perception, undercutting light and digestible topics with dark and at times biting humor.

While Collins approaches his work with a healthy sense of self-deprecation, calling his poems “domestic” and “middle class,” John Taylor has said of Collins: “Rarely has anyone written poems that appear so transparent on the surface yet become so ambiguous, thought-provoking, or simply wise once the reader has peered into the depths.”

In 2001 he was named U.S. Poet Laureate, a title he kept until 2003. Collins lives in Somers, New York, and is an English professor at City University of New York, where he has taught for more than 40 years.

Credits for the animations in this talk:

"Budapest," "Forgetfulness" and "Some Days" -- animation by Julian Grey/Head Gear

"The Country" -- animation by Brady Baltezor/Radium

"The Dead" -- animation by Juan Delcan/Spontaneous
 

sponsored links

If you need translations, you can install "Google Translate" extension into your Chrome Browser.
Furthermore, you can change playback rate by installing "Video Speed Controller" extension.

Data provided by TED.

This website is owned and operated by Tokyo English Network.
The developer's blog is here.