04:02
TED2008

Peter Diamandis: Stephen Hawking's zero g flight

ピーター・ディアマンディス:「ゼロGのスティーブン・ホーキング博士」

Filmed:

X Prizeの創設者ピーター・ディアマンディスが、スティーブン・ホーキング博士の「宇宙へ行く」という夢の実現を助けた話をします—彼らは一緒に高層大気へ飛び、ゼロGの無重量状態を体験したのです。

- Space activist
Peter Diamandis runs the X Prize Foundation, which offers large cash incentive prizes to inventors who can solve grand challenges like space flight, low-cost mobile medical diagnostics and oil spill cleanup. He is the chair of Singularity University, which teaches executives and grad students about exponentially growing technologies. Full bio

Those of you who know me know how passionate I am
私を知っている人は、私がどれだけ
00:12
about opening the space frontier.
宇宙への道を開きたがっているかわかるでしょう
00:15
So when I had the chance to give the world's expert in gravity
だから、重力分野の第一人者に、ゼロGの体験を提供できる
00:17
the experience of zero gravity, it was incredible.
チャンスが来るとは、信じられませんでした
00:21
And I want to tell you that story.
その話をします
00:24
I first met him through the Archon X PRIZE for Genomics.
私たちは遺伝子学のArchon X Prizeを通じで出会いました
00:26
It's a competition we're holding, the second X PRIZE,
それは私たちが開催している2つめの X Prizeで、
00:31
for the first team to sequence 100 human genomes in 10 days.
100のヒトゲノムを10日以内で最初に解析したチームのためのものです
00:34
We have something called the Genome 100 --
「ゲノム100」と呼ばれるものがあり、
00:37
100 individuals we're sequencing as part of that.
このコンテストの副賞として100人の著名人の遺伝子解析を行う予定です
00:39
Craig Venter chairs that event.
クレイグ・ヴェンターが統括しました
00:42
And I met Professor Hawking,
私はそこでホーキング教授に会い、彼は
00:44
and he said his dream was to travel into space.
自分の夢は宇宙旅行することだと言ったのです
00:46
And I said, "I can't take you there,
私は言いました「そこへはお連れできませんが
00:48
but I can take you into weightlessness into zero-g.
無重量状態、ゼロGの世界へなら行けます」と
00:50
And he said, on the spot, "Absolutely, yes."
彼はまさにその場で、「絶対に行く」と言ったのです
00:53
Well, the only way to experience zero-g on Earth
地球でゼロGを体験する唯一の方法は
00:55
is actually with parabolic flight, weightless flight.
放物線飛行、無重量飛行をすることです
00:58
You take an airplane, you fly over the top, you're weightless for 25 seconds.
飛行機で上昇し、最高点あたりで25秒間無重量になり、
01:01
Come back down, you weigh twice as much.
下りてくると重さが二倍になる
01:05
You do it again and again.
それを何度も繰り返します
01:07
You can get eight, 10 minutes of weightlessness --
8分から10分の無重量状態にいられ、
01:09
how NASA's trained their astronauts for so long.
NASAは長年この方法で宇宙飛行士を訓練してきました
01:10
We set out to do this.
これをやることにしました
01:13
It took us 11 years to become operational.
始めるのに11年かかりました
01:15
And we announced that we were going to fly Stephen Hawking.
そして「スティーブン・ホーキングを飛ばす」と公表したのです
01:17
We had one government agency and one company aircraft operator say,
ある政府職員と、航空部門担当者が言いました:
01:19
you're crazy, don't do that, you're going kill the guy.
「気が違ったのか やめるんだ! あいつを殺しちまうぞ!」
01:23
(Laughter)
(笑)
01:25
And he wanted to go.
で、彼は行きたがりました
01:26
We worked hard to get all the permissions.
全ての許可を取るのが大変でした
01:28
And six months later, we sat down at Kennedy Space Center.
6ヶ月後、我々はケネディ宇宙センターでの
01:31
We had a press conference,
記者会見で言いました
01:34
we announced our intent to do one zero-g parabola,
ゼロG放物線飛行を一回計画しています
01:36
give him 25 seconds of zero-g.
25 秒のゼロGです
01:40
And if it went really well, we might do three parabolas.
上手く行けば、3 回の放物線飛行をめざします
01:43
Well, we asked him why he wanted to go up and do this.
彼になぜこんなことをしたいのか、聞きました
01:46
And what he said, for me, was very moving.
彼の答えは、私には、非常に感動的でした
01:51
He said, "Life on Earth is at an ever-increasing risk
彼は言いました:「地球での生活は、災害で破滅してしまう
01:53
of being wiped out by disaster ...
確率がどんどん増えている
01:55
I think the human race doesn't have a future if it doesn't go into space.
私は、人類は宇宙へ行く以外には未来がないと思っている
01:57
I therefore want to encourage public interest in space."
だから宇宙について大衆の関心を喚起したいのだ」と
02:00
We took him out to the Kennedy Space Center,
彼を連れてケネディ宇宙センターを出て
02:04
up inside the NASA vehicle, into the back of the zero-g airplane.
NASAの輸送車に乗り、ゼロG飛行機に乗りました
02:07
We had about 20 people who made donations --
寄付をしてくれた20人ほどの人たちも—
02:16
we raised $150,000 in donations for children's charities --
子供たちへの慈善事業で募金に15万ドルが集まりましたが—
02:19
who flew with us.
一緒に飛びました
02:22
A few TEDsters here.
TEDsterも何人かいます
02:24
We set up a whole ER.
救急室一つをまるごと準備し、
02:26
We had four emergency room doctors and two nurses on board the airplane.
救急医4人、看護師2人を飛行機に乗せ、
02:28
We were monitoring his PO2 of his blood, his heart rate, his blood pressure.
彼の血中酸素濃度、心拍数、血圧をモニターしました
02:31
We had everything all set in case of an emergency;
まさかの時のために、できることは全て行いました
02:35
God knows, you don't want to hurt this world-renowned expert.
まさかこの世界の著名人を傷つけたくはありません
02:38
We took off from the shuttle landing facility,
スペースシャトルの離着陸する
02:41
where the shuttle takes off and lands.
シャトル離着陸施設から離陸しました
02:44
And my partner Byron Lichtenberg and I
そしてパートナーのバイロン・リヒテンバーグと私は
02:46
carefully suspended him into zero-g.
注意しながら彼をゼロGに支えました
02:49
Once he was there, [we] let him go
そこまできたら、あとは手を離して
02:52
to experience what weightlessness was truly like.
無重量が本当にどんなものか体験してもらいました
02:54
And after that first parabola, you know,
最初の放物線飛行が終わると
02:58
the doc said everything is great. He was smiling, and we said go.
ドクターが全て順調だといい、彼はニコニコしていて、続行を決断しました
03:02
So we did a second parabola.
二度目の放物線飛行を行いました
03:06
(Laughter)
(笑)
03:09
(Applause)
(拍手)
03:11
And a third.
三度目
03:17
(Applause)
(拍手)
03:19
We actually floated an apple in homage to Sir Isaac Newton
私たちは、アイザック・ニュートンへのオマージュのリンゴを浮かべたのです
03:20
because Professor Hawking holds the same chair at Cambridge
なぜなら、ホーキング教授はケンブリッジ大学で
03:24
that Isaac Newton did.
ニュートンと同じ職位にいるのです
03:27
And we did a fourth, and a fifth and a sixth.
そして四回目、そして五回目と六回目
03:29
(Laughter)
(笑)
03:33
And a seventh and an eighth.
七回目と八回目
03:34
And this man does not look like a 65-year-old wheelchair-bound man.
65歳の車いすの人間にはまったく見えませんでした
03:36
(Laughter)
(笑)
03:39
He was so happy.
本当に幸せそうでした
03:40
We are living on a precious jewel,
我々は、貴重な宝石に住んでいます
03:42
and it's during our lifetime that we're moving off this planet.
そして我々は生きている間に、ここから出て行こうとしています
03:45
Please join us in this epic adventure.
この画期的な冒険に参加して下さい
03:48
Thank you so much.
どうもありがとう
03:50
(Applause)
(拍手)
03:51
Translated by Masahiro Kyushima
Reviewed by Akira KAKINOHANA

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About the Speaker:

Peter Diamandis - Space activist
Peter Diamandis runs the X Prize Foundation, which offers large cash incentive prizes to inventors who can solve grand challenges like space flight, low-cost mobile medical diagnostics and oil spill cleanup. He is the chair of Singularity University, which teaches executives and grad students about exponentially growing technologies.

Why you should listen

Watch the live onstage debate with Paul Gilding that followed Peter Diamandis' 2012 TEDTalk >>

Peter Diamandis is the founder and chair of the X Prize Foundation, a nonprofit whose mission is simply "to bring about radical breakthroughs for the benefit of humanity." By offering a big cash prize for a specific accomplishment, the X Prize stimulates competition and excitement around some of the planet's most important goals. Diamandis is also co-founder and chairman of Singularity University which runs Exponential Technologies Executive and Graduate Student Programs.

Diamandis' background is in space exploration -- before the X Prize, he ran a company that studied low-cost launching technologies and Zero-G which offers the public the chance to train like an astronaut and experience weightlessness. But though the X Prize's first $10 million went to a space-themed challenge, Diamandis' goal now is to extend the prize into health care, social policy, education and many other fields that could use a dose of competitive innovation.

More profile about the speaker
Peter Diamandis | Speaker | TED.com