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TED2009

Jay Walker: The world's English mania

ジェイ・ウォーカーが語る世界の英語熱

February 5, 2009

ジェイ・ウォーカーがなぜ世界中で20億人もの人が英語を学ぶのかを説明します。何千人もの中国人学生による「世界の第二言語」である英語の練習の様子を、写真やセンセーショナルな音声を活用して伝えてくれます。

Jay Walker - Entrepreneur
Jay Walker is fascinated by intellectual property in all its forms. His firm, Walker Digital, created Priceline and many other businesses that reframe old problems with new IT. In his private life, he's a bibliophile and collector on an epic scale. Full bio

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Double-click the English subtitles below to play the video.
Let's talk about manias.
マニア(熱狂)についてお話しましょう
00:18
Let's start with Beatle mania:
まずは、ビートルズマニア
00:22
hysterical teenagers,
狂乱する10代の若者達...
00:26
crying, screaming, pandemonium.
叫び、悲鳴をあげ、混乱の渦です
00:29
Sports mania:
スポーツマニア
00:34
deafening crowds,
耳をつんざく群衆の歓声
00:37
all for one idea -- get the ball in the net.
皆考えている事は1つ ボールをネットに入れる事
00:40
Okay, religious mania:
そして、宗教マニア
00:46
there's rapture, there's weeping,
歓喜、そして涙、
00:48
there's visions.
世界観があります
00:51
Manias can be good.
マニアは良い事をもたらしたり、
00:53
Manias can be alarming.
恐怖をあおったり
00:55
Or manias can be deadly.
または、命取りになることもあります
00:57
The world has a new mania.
世界には新しいマニアが出現しました
01:04
A mania for learning English.
英語勉強マニアです
01:06
Listen as Chinese students practice their English
叫びながら行う中国人学生による英語の練習を
01:08
by screaming it.
聞いてみてください
01:12
Teacher: ... change my life!
先生:「..人生を変えます!」
01:14
Students: I will change my life.
生徒:「私は人生を変えます」
01:16
T: I don't want to let my parents down.
先生:「私は両親を悲しませたくありません」
01:18
S: I don't want to let my parents down.
生徒:「私は両親を悲しませたくありません」
01:21
T: I don't ever want to let my country down.
先生:「私は決して国の期待を裏切ったりはしません」
01:25
S: I don't ever want to let my country down.
生徒:「私は決して国の期待を裏切ったりはしません」
01:28
T: Most importantly ... S: Most importantly ...
先生:「なによりも」... 生徒:「なによりも」...
01:32
T: I don't want to let myself down.
先生:「私自身を失望させたくありません」
01:35
S: I don't want to let myself down.
生徒:「私自身を失望させたくありません」
01:38
Jay Walker: How many people are trying to learn English worldwide?
JW:世界中でどれぐらいの人達が英語を学んでいるのでしょうか?
01:41
Two billion of them.
20億人です
01:44
Students: A t-shirt. A dress.
生徒:「Tシャツ ドレス」
01:46
JW: In Latin America,
JW:ラテンアメリカで、
01:50
in India, in Southeast Asia,
インドで、東南アジアで、
01:52
and most of all in China.
そして極めつけは中国で
01:55
If you are a Chinese student
あなたが中国人の学生であれば
01:58
you start learning English in the third grade, by law.
3年生から英語を習い始めます、法律により
02:00
That's why this year
そして今年
02:05
China will become the world's largest English-speaking country.
中国は世界で最も英語を話す人が多い国になりました
02:07
(Laughter)
(笑い)
02:12
Why English? In a single word: Opportunity.
何故英語なのか?一言で言えば「機会」です
02:14
Opportunity for a better life, a job,
より良い生活、より良い職を得るための機会
02:17
to be able to pay for school, or put better food on the table.
学費を払える様になるため、より良いものを食べる為の機会です
02:20
Imagine a student taking a giant test for three full days.
ある学生が丸3日かけて試験を受けるところを想像してください
02:24
Her score on this one test
この試験の成績により
02:28
literally determines her future.
文字通り彼女の将来は決まるのです
02:30
She studies 12 hours a day
彼女は1日12時間勉強し
02:33
for three years to prepare.
3年間かけて準備します
02:35
25 percent of her grade
彼女の成績の25%は
02:38
is based on English.
英語によるものです
02:41
It's called the Gaokao, and 80 million high school Chinese students
これは「高考 (Gaokao)」と呼ばれるもので、8000万人にものぼる中国人の学生が
02:43
have already taken this grueling test.
この厳しい試験を受けました
02:47
The intensity to learn English
英語を学ぶ熱中ぶりは
02:50
is almost unimaginable, unless you witness it.
それを見ない限り想像しがたいものです
02:52
Teacher: Perfect! Students: Perfect!
先生:「完璧!」 生徒:「完璧!」
02:56
T: Perfect! S: Perfect!
先生:「完璧!」 生徒:「完璧!」
02:58
T: I want to speak perfect English.
先生:「私は完璧な英語を話したい」
03:01
S: I want to speak perfect English.
生徒:「私は完璧な英語を話したい」
03:03
T: I want to speak -- S: I want to speak --
先生:「私は話したい..」 生徒:「私は話したい..」
03:06
T: perfect English. S: perfect English.
先生:「完璧な英語を」 生徒:「完璧な英語を」
03:08
T: I want to change my life!
先生:「私は人生を変えたい!」
03:10
S: I want to change my life!
生徒:「私は人生を変えたい!」
03:14
JW: So is English mania good or bad?
JW:それで英語マニアは良いのか、悪いのか?
03:17
Is English a tsunami, washing away
英語は他の言語を洗い流してしまう
03:21
other languages? Not likely.
津波なのか? そうでは無いでしょう
03:23
English is the world's second language.
英語は世界中で使われる外国語です
03:26
Your native language is your life.
あなたの母語はあなたの人生です
03:29
But with English you can become part of a wider conversation:
しかし英語により、より大きな会話に参加できる様になります
03:31
a global conversation about global problems,
世界規模の問題を話し合う世界規模の会話
03:35
like climate change or poverty,
気候変動や貧困など
03:39
or hunger or disease.
または飢えや病気
03:42
The world has other universal languages.
世界は他にも普遍的な言語があります
03:45
Mathematics is the language of science.
数学は科学での言語ですし
03:48
Music is the language of emotions.
音楽は感情の言語です
03:51
And now English is becoming the language of problem-solving.
そして英語は今、問題解決の為の言語になろうとしています
03:54
Not because America is pushing it,
アメリカが後押ししているからではなく、
03:59
but because the world is pulling it.
世界がそれを求めているからです
04:01
So English mania is a turning point.
英語マニアというのは転換点です
04:04
Like the harnessing of electricity in our cities
我々の街で電気が使える様になる様に、
04:08
or the fall of the Berlin Wall,
またはベルリンの壁崩壊の様に
04:10
English represents hope
英語はより良い未来への
04:13
for a better future --
象徴です
04:15
a future where the world has a common language
世界に共通の問題を解決する為の言語が
04:17
to solve its common problems.
あるという未来です
04:21
Thank you very much.
どうもありがとう
04:23
(Applause)
(拍手)
04:25
Translator:Akira KAKINOHANA
Reviewer:Masahiro Kyushima

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Jay Walker - Entrepreneur
Jay Walker is fascinated by intellectual property in all its forms. His firm, Walker Digital, created Priceline and many other businesses that reframe old problems with new IT. In his private life, he's a bibliophile and collector on an epic scale.

Why you should listen

It's befitting that an entrepreneur and inventor so prolific and acclaimed would curate a library devoted, as he says, to the astonishing capabilities of the human imagination. TIME twice named him one of the "50 most influential business leaders in the digital age," and he holds more than 200 patents. Jay Walker's companies -- under Walker Digital -- have alone served tens of millions of people and amassed billions in value. 

A chunk of his net worth went into building this enchanting library space, whose exhibits (please touch!) go back, roughly, to the point our species learned to write, with a slight post-moveable type bias. Brimming with exquisitely illustrated books and artifacts (Enigma machine; velociraptor skeleton), the library itself is a marvel. Is it the glowing etched glass panels, or the Vivaldi piped from hidden speakers that gives it that je ne sais quoi? Maybe it's Walker himself, whose passion for the stuff just glows. It's apparent to those lucky enough to snag a tour.

At the 2008 TED Conference, Walker lent many of his priceless and geeky artifacts to decorate the stage -- including a real Sputnik artificial satellite, a Star Wars stormtrooper helmet and a Gutenberg bible. After you've watched his talk, the WIRED article is a must-read.

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