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TEDSummit

eL Seed: A project of peace, painted across 50 buildings

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eL Seed fuses Arabic calligraphy with graffiti to paint colorful, swirling messages of hope and peace on buildings from Tunisia to Paris. The artist and TED Fellow shares the story of his most ambitious project yet: a mural painted across 50 buildings in Manshiyat Naser, a district of Cairo, Egypt, that can only be fully seen from a nearby mountain.

- Artist
French-Tunisian artist eL Seed blends the historic art of Arabic calligraphy with graffti to portray messages of beauty, poetry and peace across all continents. Full bio

So when I decided to create
an art piece in Manshiyat Naser,
00:12
the neighborhood of the Cairo
garbage collectors in Egypt,
00:16
I never thought this project would be
00:19
the most amazing human experience
that I would ever live.
00:21
As an artist, I had
this humanist intention
00:24
of beautifying a poor
and neglected neighborhood
00:27
by bringing art to it and hopefully
shining light on this isolated community.
00:29
The first time I heard about
this Christian Coptic community
00:36
was in 2009 when the Egyptian authorities
under the regime of Hosni Mubarak
00:39
decided to slaughter 300,000 pigs
using the pretext of H1N1 virus.
00:45
Originally, they are pig breeders.
00:51
Their pigs and other animals
are fed with the organic waste
00:53
that they collect on a daily basis.
00:56
This event killed their livelihood.
00:58
The first time I entered Manshiyat Naser,
it felt like a maze.
01:01
I was looking for the St. Simon Monastery
on the top of the Muqattam Mountain.
01:04
So you go right, then straight,
then right again, then left
01:08
to reach all the way to the top.
01:11
But to reach there, you must dodge between
the trucks overpacked with garbage
01:13
and slalom between the tuk-tuks,
01:17
the fastest vehicle to move around
in the neighborhood.
01:19
The smell of the garbage
unloaded from those trucks was intense,
01:23
and the noise of the traffic
was loud and overbearing.
01:26
Add to it the din created by the crushers
in those warehouses along the way.
01:29
From outside it looks chaotic,
but everything is perfectly organized.
01:34
The Zaraeeb, that’s how
they call themselves,
01:40
which means the pig breeders,
01:43
have been collecting the garbage of Cairo
01:44
and sorting it in their own
neighborhood for decades.
01:47
They have developed
one of the most efficient
01:49
and highly profitable systems
on a global level.
01:52
Still, the place is perceived
as dirty, marginalized and segregated
01:55
because of their association
with the trash.
01:59
So my initial idea
was to create an anamorphic piece,
02:03
a piece that you can only see
from one vantage point.
02:05
I wanted to challenge myself artistically
by painting over several buildings
02:08
and having it only fully visible
from one point on the Muqattam Mountain.
02:13
The Muqattam Mountain
is the pride of the community.
02:18
This is where they built
the St. Simon Monastery,
02:20
a 10,000-seat cave church
that they carved into the mountain itself.
02:23
So, the first time
I stood on top of the mountain
02:29
and I looked at the neighborhood,
02:33
I asked myself, how on earth
will I convince all those owners
02:34
to let me paint on their buildings?
02:37
And then Magd came.
02:40
Magd is a guide from the Church.
02:41
He told me the only person I needed
to convince was Father Samaan,
02:43
who is the leader of the community.
02:47
But to convince Father Samaan,
I needed to convince Mario,
02:50
who is a Polish artist
who moved to Cairo 20 years ago
02:53
and who created all the artwork
of the Cave Church.
02:56
I am really grateful to Mario.
He was the key of the project.
03:00
He managed to get me
a meeting with Father Samaan,
03:04
and surprisingly, he loved the idea.
03:06
He asked me about where I painted before
03:08
and how I will make it happen.
03:10
And he was mainly concerned
by what I was going to write.
03:12
In every work that I create,
I write messages
03:16
with my style of Arabic calligraphy.
03:18
I make sure those messages are relevant
to the place where I am painting
03:20
but have this universal dimension,
03:24
so anybody around the world
can relate to it.
03:26
So for Manshiyat Naser,
03:29
I decided to write in Arabic
the words of St. Athanasius of Alexandria,
03:30
a Coptic bishop from the third century,
03:35
who said: (Arabic),
03:37
which means in English,
03:42
"Anyone who wants
to see the sunlight clearly
03:43
needs to wipe his eyes first."
03:45
It was really important for me
03:47
that the community
felt connected to the words.
03:49
And for me this quote was perfectly
reflecting the spirit of the project.
03:52
So Father Samaan blessed the project,
03:56
and his approval brought
all the residents on board.
03:58
Hundreds of liters of paint,
a dozen blue manual lifts,
04:02
several trips back and forth to Cairo,
04:06
a strong and solid team from France,
North Africa, Middle East and the US,
04:09
and after a year of planning
and logistics, there we are,
04:13
my team and some members
from the local community
04:16
creating a piece that will
spread over 50 buildings,
04:19
some filling up the space
of the calligraphy
04:22
that I trace with colors.
04:25
Here some blue, there some yellow,
there some orange.
04:27
Some others carrying some sand bags
04:30
and putting them
on the top of the buildings
04:32
to hold those manual lifts,
04:34
and some others assembling
and disassembling those same lifts
04:36
and moving them around
the different buildings.
04:38
At the beginning of the project,
04:42
I numbered all those
buildings on my sketch,
04:43
and there was no real interaction
with the community.
04:47
People didn’t get the point of all this.
04:50
But fast enough, those building numbers
became family names.
04:52
The first building
was the house of Uncle Ibrahim.
04:56
Uncle Ibrahim is such
an enthusiastic person.
05:00
He was always singing and making jokes,
05:02
and his daughters and sons
saved me from his bull
05:04
who wanted to attack me
on the fourth floor.
05:08
(Laughter)
05:11
Actually, the bull saw me from the window
and came out on the balcony.
05:12
(Laughter)
05:15
Yeah.
05:17
Uncle Ibrahim was always
hanging out on the balcony
05:21
and talking to me while I was painting.
05:24
I remember him saying that he didn’t
go to the mountain for 10 years,
05:26
and that he never takes a day off.
05:30
He said that if he stopped working,
who will stop the garbage?
05:32
But surprisingly,
at the end of the project,
05:36
he came all the way to the mountain
to look at the piece.
05:39
He was really proud
to see his house painted,
05:42
and he said that this project
was a project of peace and --
05:45
sorry --
05:50
(Applause)
05:53
Thank you.
06:06
He said that it was a project
of peace and unity
06:08
and that it brought people together.
06:13
So his perception
towards the project changed,
06:15
and my perception towards
the community changed also,
06:18
and towards what they do.
06:22
All the garbage that everybody
is disgusted by is not theirs.
06:24
They just work out of it.
06:29
Actually, they don’t live in the garbage.
They live from the garbage.
06:30
So I started doubting myself and wondering
06:34
what was the real purpose
of this whole project?
06:36
It was not about beautifying
a place by bringing art to it.
06:40
It was about switching perception
and opening a dialogue
06:44
on the connection that we have
with communities that we don’t know.
06:47
So day after day,
06:51
the calligraphy circle was taking shape,
06:52
and we were always excited to go back
on the mountain to look at the piece.
06:55
And standing exactly at this point
every day made my realize
06:59
the symbolism behind
this anamorphic piece.
07:02
If you want to see
the real image of somebody,
07:05
maybe you should change your angle.
07:07
There was doubts and difficulties,
07:10
like fears and stress.
07:12
It wasn't simple
to work in such environments,
07:13
sometimes having pigs under you
while you paint
07:15
or climbing a stack of garbage
to reach a lift.
07:18
But we all got over the fear
of the heights, the swinging lifts,
07:20
the strength of the smell
07:24
and also the stress
of not finishing on time.
07:25
But the kindness of all those people
made us forget everything.
07:27
The building number 3 was the house
of Uncle Bakheet and Aunty Fareeda.
07:31
In Egyptian, they have
this expression that says, "Ahsen Nas,"
07:35
which means "the best people."
07:39
They were the best people.
07:40
We used to take our break
in front of their houses,
07:41
and all the kids of the neighborhood
07:45
used to join us.
07:47
I was impressed and amazed
by the kids of Manshiyat Naser.
07:48
For the first few days, they were always
refusing anything we were offering them,
07:53
even a snack or a drink.
07:57
So I asked Aunty Fareeda, "Why is that?"
07:59
And she told me they teach
their kids to refuse anything
08:01
from somebody that they don't know
08:05
because maybe this person
needs it more than they do.
08:06
So at this exact point I realized actually
08:10
the Zaraeeb community
was the ideal context
08:14
to raise the topic of perception.
08:17
We need to question
our level of misconception
08:19
and judgment we can have as a society
08:22
upon communities
based on their differences.
08:25
I remember how we got delayed
on Uncle Ibrahim's house
08:28
when his pigs that are bred on the rooftop
08:32
were eating the sand bags
that hold the lifts.
08:34
(Laughter)
08:37
The house of Uncle Bakheet
and Aunty Fareeda
08:39
was this kind of meeting point.
08:42
Everybody used to gather there.
08:44
I think this is what Uncle Ibrahim meant
08:46
when he said that was
a project of peace and unity,
08:48
because I really felt
that people were coming together.
08:50
Everyone was greeting us
with a smile, offering us a drink
08:54
or inviting us into their
own house for lunch.
08:57
Sometime, you are
at the first level of a building,
09:01
and somebody opens his window
and offers you some tea.
09:04
And then the same thing happens
on the second floor.
09:07
And you keep going all the way to the top.
09:09
(Laughter)
09:11
(Applause)
09:12
I think I never drink as much tea
as I did in Egypt.
09:14
(Laughter)
09:16
And to be honest with you,
we could have finished earlier,
09:18
but I think it took us three weeks
because of all those tea breaks.
09:21
(Laughter)
09:24
In Egypt, they have another expression,
which is "Nawartouna,"
09:28
which means, "You brought light to us."
09:32
In Manshiyat Naser
they were always telling us this.
09:35
The calligraphy, actually --
09:38
I used a white glow-in-the-dark paint
for the calligraphy
09:40
so at the end of the project,
we rented some black light projectors
09:44
and lit up the whole neighborhood,
09:48
surprising everybody around.
09:50
We wanted to tell them
09:52
that they are the ones
who brought light to us.
09:53
(Applause)
09:58
The Zaraeeb community
are strong, honest, hard workers,
10:09
and they know their value.
10:13
The people of Cairo
call them "the Zabaleen,"
10:14
which means "the people of the garbage,"
10:17
but ironically,
the people of Manshiyat Naser
10:19
call the people of Cairo the Zabaleen.
10:21
They say, they are the ones
who produce the garbage, not them.
10:23
(Laughter)
10:26
(Applause)
10:27
The goal was to leave something
to this community,
10:29
but I feel that they are the ones
who left something in our lives.
10:31
You know, the art project
was just a pretext
10:34
for this amazing human experience.
10:36
The art piece at some point
will disappear, vanish,
10:38
and actually there is somebody
who is building a second floor
10:41
in front of Uncle Ibrahim's house,
10:43
so it's covering part of the painting,
10:45
so I might need to go back
and paint over it.
10:47
(Laughter)
10:49
It was about the experience,
10:51
about the story,
10:52
about the moment.
10:54
From the streets of the neighborhood,
10:56
the painting appears in fragments,
10:58
isolated from one another,
11:00
standing alone.
11:02
But connected with the sign of calligraphy
11:03
that today reveals the powerful message
that we should all think about
11:05
before we want to judge somebody.
11:09
Anyone who wants to see
the sunlight clearly
11:11
needs to wipe his eyes first.
11:13
Thank you.
11:15
(Applause)
11:17

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About the Speaker:

eL Seed - Artist
French-Tunisian artist eL Seed blends the historic art of Arabic calligraphy with graffti to portray messages of beauty, poetry and peace across all continents.

Why you should listen

Born in Paris to Tunisian parents, eL Seed travels the world, making art in Paris, New York, Jeddah, Melbourne, Gabes, Doha and beyond. His goal: to create dialogue and promote tolerance as well as change global perceptions of what Arabic means. In 2012, for instance, he painted a message of unity on a 47-meter-high minaret on the Jara mosque in Gabes, Tunisia. This piece and others can be found in his book, Lost Walls: Graffiti Road Trip through Tunisia

Most recently he created a sprawling mural in the Manshiyat Naser neighborhood of Cairo that spans 50 buildings and can only be viewed from a local mountaintop. Intending to honor the historic garbage collectors of the Manshiyat Naser neighborhood, the piece reads, "Anyone who wants to see the sunlight clearly needs to wipe his eye first."

More profile about the speaker
eL Seed | Speaker | TED.com