Richard Baraniuk: The birth of the open-source learning revolution
Richard Baraniuk - Education visionary
Richard Baraniuk founded Connexions -- now called OpenStax -- a free, open-source, global clearinghouse of course materials. Students and educators tap into its vast store of texts on everything from engineering to ornithology to music, adapting the content as they see fit. Full bio
to talk a little bit about today
have just tremendous resonance
talked about the last two days.
to bring them all up,
and they've been replaced, right?
over the last two decades
digitization technologies, right?
as we came in the room today.
is there's a culture,
that we create, rip, mix and burn.
in the world is free and allowed
to rip or copy musical ideas,
in different types of ways,
final products and continue the circle.
is it's created, like I said,
to connect musical ideas,
constantly up to date.
is not last year's hit single.
to talk about music today.
and the kind of educational materials
there's a crisis in our schools,
too much time on that,
is some of the disconnects
publishes a book.
that it's complicated,
between authors of books
or just general readers.
if you happen to speak a language
major languages, and especially English.
below the barrier "shutouts"
shut out of the process
their knowledge with the world.
is trying to take these ideas
towards reinventing the way
using them and teaching from them.
from where we are now
is a little thought experiment.
and imagine just tearing out the pages.
and then storing them
for book-type content.
and imagine making it all open,
play with it, improve it.
access to all of this knowledge,
improve it, play with it,
on the order of seconds instead of years.
coming out every two years,
and imagine we could put people into this.
an ecosystem with not just authors,
who could be or want to be authors
languages of the world,
it would be called --
as a knowledge ecosystem.
to enable anyone in the world,
sharing them with the world,
is actually being realized.
at Rice University
for the rest of the talk
think of as the counterpoint
of bringing education to the world.
to put it in perspective here.
that are using these kind of tools?
of engineering professors,
in electrical engineering
as a massive, super textbook
of electrical engineering.
of their own individual institutions.
from Champagne, Illinois,
music content with the world,
over 600,000 times per month.
from United States K-12 schools,
in a school scale back,
is the music curriculum.
the tremendous thirst
What about copying, reusing?
at the University of Texas at El Paso --
this engineering super textbook ideas.
of our most popular material
and in particular in Mexico,
extensible nature of this.
into Asian languages
building customized courses,
our regular kind of textbook
are things you can actually interact with
and actually learn as you do.
with Teachers Without Borders,
in mixing our materials.
Connexions as their platform
for teaching teachers how to teach
supported by USAID.
of being able to remix
is extraordinarily important,
free content to people
by people in the developing world
to re-contextualize the material,
and take ownership of it,
we've been working with, UC Merced --
in the Central Valley,
with community colleges.
and engineering curriculum
around the world in our system.
all of their software tools
which has a project called 50x15,
population by 2015.
providing content to them
with a number of other organizations.
that are funded by Hewlett Foundation,
in this area of open content.
this is, sort of, quite interesting.
to create the physical instantiation
of these music books in your gift pack.
this is an engineering textbook.
OK. This costs 22 dollars to the student.
from this repository of open materials.
by a regular publisher,
or publication process
sort of single-authored book
to each individual class
through an on-demand press, like QOOP.
an extraordinarily interesting area
under this long tail in publishing.
about the Harry Potter end,
partial differential equations.
100 copies a year, 1,000 copies a year.
sustaining revenue under this long tail
of on-demand publishers,
that you should take away from this talk
in the publishing industry.
over the next few years,
really, and for the world's benefit.
that I really want to talk about is XML.
think of XML in this case
that we're putting around these pages.
tore the pages out?
into Lego blocks.
together in a myriad different ways,
to share content.
of all this content,
to personalize the learning experience
can have a book or a course
learning style, their context,
that excite them.
in multiple different ways,
relate to each other.
six-and-a-half years ago
I'm an electrical engineering professor.
was to show that this math --
have already fallen asleep
of this tremendously powerful web
like music synthesizers
by intellectual property.
that I, as an engineer,
that would get all of this across.
to be able to interconnect these ideas.
in a sense, what we're trying to do
all the books in a library
whoever taught, you know this --
that teaching is really all about.
click on in one of your new e-texts
to explore and experiment with.
algebra textbook in seventh grade.
to be able to experiment with it,
don't understand until we do.
like MathML, for chemistry.
of how molecules are formed.
into the semantic structure of music,
getting into it, right?
and this is where I told a big lie.
is intellectual property.
the music culture is.
but in fact, that's all illegal.
of [piracy] for doing that,
much of it by big industries.
is we can't let this happen.
Napster thing happen here.
is get it right from the very beginning.
is find an intellectual property framework
and makes it easily understandable.
is taken from open-source software.
have heard of creative commons?
of material in Connexions
takes you to an absolute no-nonsense,
what you can do with this content.
to do all of these things:
even to make commercial use of it,
and much of educational publishing,
not necessarily making bucks.
about Harry Potter, right?
very carefully constructed.
that are actually licensing music
who do this whole idea of re-sampling,
with just the last few points.
per month, just to our particular site.
which is another large open-content site,
that people are probably thinking
can contribute things to this commons.
started contributing materials,
from a major French feminist journal,
to the supposed course website,
of idea of quality control
of review and peer review comes in.
very, very high quality, right?
to do the same thing.
to design structures,
is designing social software
their own peer review process,
their own peer-review process,
on the content in the repository
as a potential lens.
as a call to action.
is all about sharing knowledge.
with tremendous amounts of knowledge,
is invite each and every one of you
and other projects of its type,
we can truly change the landscape
About the speaker:Richard Baraniuk - Education visionary
Richard Baraniuk founded Connexions -- now called OpenStax -- a free, open-source, global clearinghouse of course materials. Students and educators tap into its vast store of texts on everything from engineering to ornithology to music, adapting the content as they see fit.
Why you should listen
Rice University professor Richard Baraniuk has a giant vision: to create a free global online education system that puts the power of creation and collaboration in the hands of teachers worldwide. He's realizing that vision with OpenStax (formerly named Connexions), a website that allows teachers to quickly "create, rip, mix and burn" coursework -- without fear of copyright violations. Think of it as Napster for education.
OpenStax's open-source system cuts out the textbook, allowing teachers to share course materials, modify existing work and disseminate it to their students -- all for free, thanks to Creative Commons licensing. Baraniuk envisions OpenStax as a repository where the most up-to-date material can be shared and reviewed (it's far more efficient than waiting for a textbook to be printed); it could become a powerful force in leveling the education playing field. Currently encompassing hundreds of online courses and used by a million people worldwide, Baraniuk's virtual educational system is revolutionizing the way people teach and learn.
Richard Baraniuk | Speaker | TED.com