TEDWomen 2010

Kiran Bedi: A police chief with a difference

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Kiran Bedi has a surprising resume. Before becoming Director General of the Indian Police Service, she managed one of the country's toughest prisons -- and used a new focus on prevention and education to turn it into a center of learning and meditation. She shares her thoughts on visionary leadership at TEDWomen.

- Corrections pioneer
Kiran Bedi was one of India's top cops -- tough, innovative and committed to social change. Now retired from the national police force, Bedi runs two NGOs that benefit rural and urban poor. Full bio

Now I'm going to give you a story.
00:15
It's an Indian story about an Indian woman and her journey.
00:17
Let me begin with my parents.
00:20
I'm a product of this
00:23
visionary mother and father.
00:25
Many years ago, when I was born in the '50s --
00:27
'50s and '60s
00:30
didn't belong to girls in India.
00:32
They belonged to boys.
00:34
They belonged to boys who would join business
00:36
and inherit business from parents,
00:38
and girls would be dolled up to get married.
00:40
My family, in my city,
00:42
and almost in the country, was unique.
00:44
We were four of us, not one,
00:47
and fortunately no boys.
00:49
We were four girls and no boys.
00:51
And my parents were part
00:53
of a landed property family.
00:55
My father defied his own grandfather,
00:57
almost to the point of disinheritance,
01:00
because he decided to educate
01:02
all four of us.
01:04
He sent us to one of the best schools in the city
01:06
and gave us the best education.
01:08
As I've said, when we're born, we don't choose our parents,
01:10
and when we go to school, we don't choose our school.
01:13
Children don't choose a school.
01:15
They just get the school which parents choose for them.
01:17
So this is the foundation time which I got.
01:19
I grew up like this, and so did my other three sisters.
01:22
And my father used to say at that time,
01:25
"I'm going to spread all my four daughters in four corners of the world."
01:27
I don't know if he really meant [that], but it happened.
01:30
I'm the only one who's left in India.
01:33
One is a British, another is an American
01:35
and the third is a Canadian.
01:37
So we are four of us in four corners of the world.
01:39
And since I said they're my role models,
01:42
I followed two things which my father and mother gave me.
01:45
One, they said, "Life is on an incline.
01:48
You either go up,
01:50
or you come down."
01:52
And the second thing, which has stayed with me,
01:54
which became my philosophy of life,
01:56
which made all the difference,
01:58
is: 100 things happen in your life, good or bad.
02:00
Out of 100, 90 are your creation.
02:03
They're good. They're your creation. Enjoy it.
02:05
If they're bad, they're your creation. Learn from it.
02:08
Ten are nature-sent over which you can't do a thing.
02:11
It's like a death of a relative,
02:14
or a cyclone, or a hurricane, or an earthquake.
02:16
You can't do a thing about it.
02:19
You've got to just respond to the situation.
02:21
But that response comes out of those 90 points.
02:23
Since I'm a product of this philosophy,
02:26
of 90/10,
02:28
and secondly, "life on an incline,"
02:30
that's the way I grew up
02:32
to be valuing what I got.
02:34
I'm a product of opportunities,
02:37
rare opportunities in the '50s and the '60s,
02:39
which girls didn't get,
02:41
and I was conscious of the fact that what my parents were giving me
02:43
was something unique.
02:45
Because all of my best school friends were getting dolled up
02:47
to get married with a lot of dowry,
02:49
and here I was with a tennis racket and going to school
02:51
and doing all kinds of extracurricular activities.
02:54
I thought I must tell you this.
02:56
Why I said this, is the background.
02:58
This is what comes next.
03:00
I joined the Indian Police Service as a tough woman,
03:02
a woman with indefatigable stamina,
03:05
because I used to run for my tennis titles, etc.
03:07
But I joined the Indian Police Service,
03:10
and then it was a new pattern of policing.
03:13
For me the policing stood for power to correct,
03:16
power to prevent and power to detect.
03:18
This is something like a new definition ever given in policing in India --
03:21
the power to prevent.
03:24
Because normally it was always said, power to detect, and that's it,
03:26
or power to punish.
03:28
But I decided no, it's a power to prevent,
03:30
because that's what I learned when I was growing up.
03:33
How do I prevent the 10 and never make it more than 10?
03:35
So this was how it came into my service,
03:38
and it was different from the men.
03:41
I didn't want to make it different from the men, but it was different,
03:43
because this was the way I was different.
03:46
And I redefined policing concepts in India.
03:49
I'm going to take you on two journeys,
03:52
my policing journey and my prison journey.
03:54
What you see, if you see the title
03:56
called "PM's car held."
03:59
This was the first time a prime minister of India
04:01
was given a parking ticket.
04:04
(Laughter)
04:06
That's the first time in India,
04:08
and I can tell you, that's the last time you're hearing about it.
04:10
It'll never happen again in India,
04:13
because now it was once and forever.
04:15
And the rule was, because I was sensitive,
04:18
I was compassionate, I was very sensitive to injustice,
04:20
and I was very pro-justice.
04:23
That's the reason, as a woman, I joined the Indian Police Service.
04:25
I had other options, but I didn't choose them.
04:27
So I'm going to move on.
04:29
This is about tough policing, equal policing.
04:31
Now I was known as "here's a woman that's not going to listen."
04:33
So I was sent to all indiscriminate postings,
04:36
postings which others would say no.
04:38
I now went to a prison assignment as a police officer.
04:40
Normally police officers don't want to do prison.
04:43
They sent me to prison to lock me up,
04:45
thinking, "Now there will be no cars
04:47
and no VIPs to be given tickets to.
04:49
Let's lock her up."
04:51
Here I got a prison assignment.
04:53
This was a prison assignment which was one big den of criminals.
04:55
Obviously, it was.
04:58
But 10,000 men,
05:00
of which only 400 were women -- 10,000 --
05:02
9,000 plus about 600
05:05
were men.
05:07
Terrorists, rapists,
05:09
burglars, gangsters --
05:11
some of them I'd sent to jail
05:13
as a police officer outside.
05:15
And then how did I deal with them?
05:17
The first day when I went in,
05:19
I didn't know how to look at them.
05:21
And I said, "Do you pray?" When I looked at the group, I said, "Do you pray?"
05:23
They saw me as a young, short woman wearing a pathan suit.
05:26
I said, "Do you pray?"
05:28
And they didn't say anything.
05:30
I said, "Do you pray? Do you want to pray?"
05:32
They said, "Yes." I said, "All right, let's pray."
05:34
I prayed for them, and things started to change.
05:37
This is a visual of education inside the prison.
05:39
Friends, this has never happened,
05:42
where everybody in the prison studies.
05:44
I started this with community support.
05:46
Government had no budget.
05:48
It was one of the finest, largest volunteerism
05:50
in any prison in the world.
05:52
This was initiated in Delhi prison.
05:54
You see one sample
05:56
of a prisoner teaching a class.
05:58
These are hundreds of classes.
06:01
Nine to eleven, every prisoner went into the education program --
06:03
the same den in which they thought
06:06
they would put me behind the bar and things would be forgotten.
06:08
We converted this into an ashram --
06:11
from a prison to an ashram through education.
06:13
I think that's the bigger change.
06:16
It was the beginning of a change.
06:18
Teachers were prisoners. Teachers were volunteers.
06:20
Books came from donated schoolbooks.
06:23
Stationery was donated.
06:25
Everything was donated,
06:27
because there was no budget of education for the prison.
06:29
Now if I'd not done that,
06:32
it would have been a hellhole.
06:34
That's the second landmark.
06:36
I want to show you some moments of history in my journey,
06:38
which probably you would never ever get to see anywhere in the world.
06:40
One, the numbers you'll never get to see.
06:43
Secondly, this concept.
06:45
This was a meditation program inside the prison
06:47
of over 1,000 prisoners.
06:49
One thousand prisoners who sat in meditation.
06:51
This was one of the most courageous steps
06:53
I took as a prison governor.
06:56
And this is what transformed.
06:58
You want to know more about this,
07:00
go and see this film, "Doing Time, Doing Vipassana."
07:02
You will hear about it, and you will love it.
07:05
And write to me on KiranBedi.com,
07:07
and I'll respond to you.
07:09
Let me show you the next slide.
07:11
I took the same concept of mindfulness,
07:13
because, why did I bring meditation into the Indian prison?
07:15
Because crime is a product of a distorted mind.
07:18
It was distortion of mind which needed to be addressed to control.
07:21
Not by preaching, not by telling,
07:24
not by reading, but by addressing your mind.
07:26
I took the same thing to the police,
07:28
because police, equally, were prisoners of their minds,
07:30
and they felt as if it was "we" and "they,"
07:33
and that the people don't cooperate.
07:35
This worked.
07:37
This is a feedback box called a petition box.
07:39
This is a concept which I introduced
07:41
to listen to complaints, listen to grievances.
07:43
This was a magic box.
07:46
This was a sensitive box.
07:48
This is how a prisoner drew how they felt about the prison.
07:50
If you see somebody in the blue --
07:53
yeah, this guy --
07:55
he was a prisoner, and he was a teacher.
07:57
And you see, everybody's busy. There was no time to waste.
07:59
Let me wrap it up.
08:02
I'm currently into movements,
08:04
movements of education
08:06
of the under-served children,
08:08
which is thousands -- India is all about thousands.
08:10
Secondly is about the anti-corruption movement in India.
08:13
That's a big way
08:15
we, as a small group of activists,
08:17
have drafted an ombudsman bill for the government of India.
08:19
Friends, you will hear a lot about it.
08:22
That's the movement at the moment I'm driving,
08:25
and that's the movement and ambition of my life.
08:27
Thank you very much.
08:30
(Applause)
08:32
Thank you. Thank you very much. Thank you.
08:34
Thank you. Thank you. Thank you.
08:37

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About the Speaker:

Kiran Bedi - Corrections pioneer
Kiran Bedi was one of India's top cops -- tough, innovative and committed to social change. Now retired from the national police force, Bedi runs two NGOs that benefit rural and urban poor.

Why you should listen

Before she retired in 2007, Kiran Bedi was one of India’s top cops. As the first and highest-ranking female officer in the national police force, she earned a reputation for being tough yet innovative on the job. Her efforts to prevent crime, reform prisons, end drug abuse, and support women’s causes earned her a Roman Magsaysay Award, the Asian equivalent of the Nobel Prize. Bedi also served as a police adviser to the UN Secretary General.

In retirement, Bedi has become one of the most trusted and admired community leaders in India. She advocates for social change and civic responsibility through her books, columns, and a popular reality-TV show. She reaches out to more than 10,000 people daily through her two NGOs, Navjyoti and India Vision Foundation, which provide education, training, counseling and health care to the urban and rural poor. Her latest initiative, Mission Safer India, aims to ensure that police log and address citizen complaints. Her life is the subject of the 2008 documentary Yes, Madam Sir, narrated by Helen Mirren.